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密教大师无畏生护

印度后期密教大师无畏生护(Abhayakaragupta,梵名音译:阿贝雅迦罗芨多 ,藏名音译:吉美琼乃伯巴 , 公元11-12世纪前后)曾编撰有大量经典著作,其中关于金刚乘曼荼罗仪轨的主要著述有三本即《金刚鬘》、《究竟瑜伽鬘》以及《护摩仪轨》,大约成书于1100年前后。其中《金刚鬘》是一部密教仪轨的总集,共收录了26种曼荼罗,主要叙述了绘制曼荼罗以及如何进行灌顶和开光的信息。而《究竟瑜伽鬘》则记述了观想曼荼罗诸尊神的程序,其中描述有曼荼罗内部各尊神的详细图像信息,如身色、头和手臂的数目,法器、咒语等。《护摩仪轨》(全称《护摩仪轨光穗》则记述了曼荼罗有关的火供烧施仪轨。这三本书合成“三鬘”,是对于佛教美术尤其是密教曼荼罗图像研究极为重要。无畏生护在《金刚鬘》中阐述了三部著作之间的联系:如果把所有的内容放进一部著作,那么这本书必将篇幅过于庞大,不易阅读也不易流传,因此将其内容一分为三,即《金刚鬘》、《究竟瑜伽鬘》和《护摩仪轨》。

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Abhayakaragupta(Abhayadatta, Vajrasana): an Indian scholar and a pre-incarnation of the Panchen Lama...


Abhayakaragupta is known by several names including Abhayadatta and Vajrasana. He composed many texts principally on Tantra and systems explaining the rituals and practices of meditational systems: Vajravali(《金刚鬘》), Nispannayogavali, Jyotirmanjari, etc. The biographies of the Eighty-four Mahasiddhas are also attributed to him either under his common name or as Abhayadatta. In painting Abhayakaragupta is counted as one of the previous incarnations of the Panchen Lamas and included in the Incarnation Lineage painting sets.
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